Equities vs. Bonds
Shareholders own a part of the company that they invest in.
They participate in the company's profits, which is by no means an
entirely safe investment. Bond holders take the position of a
creditor, which brings them fixed income througout a certain term.
However, in the long run, shares yield higher returns than
It is advised to diversify ones investment across several companies as well as different investment instruments (such as a mix of shares and bonds). The advantage: losses due to falling share prices can be compensated by gains from bonds.
Just how diversified portfolios are, depends on the individual preferences of the investor. Young investors usually opt for shares over bonds, because they want to profit from high yields in the long-term. Short-term fluctuations are not as relevant due to a longer investment horizon. Investors who favor regular profits will most likely opt for bonds.